In my blogs and vlogs you will hear or read many strange sounding words and phrases. Well, that is where this page will help you. As a Noahide (oops there is one of those words) in studying the Hebrew Scriptures one has to tap into the Hebrew language and other Jewish sources. Over the years there are many words added to your vocabulary because Hebrew does it better than English every day. To help you I have created this glossary page.
I will continually expand the glossary as I come across more words that needs to be added.
Bereishit/Bereishis: The Hebrew name of the first book of Torah known as Genesis, also translated as, “In the Beginning of”
Bnei Noach: Hebrew for ‘Children of Noah’. See Noahide
Bat Noach: Daughter of Noach
Ben Noach: Son of Noach
Emuna: The Hebrew word translated into English as ‘faith’.
Gemara: The second part of the Talmud, it is the recorded discussion of the Mishnah the Oral Law.
Hashem: Is a Hebrew phrase that literally translates as ‘The Name’, This phrase represents the Holy and Sacred four letter Name of the Creator spelled with the Hebrew letters Yud – Hey – Vav – Hey or in English, Y – H – W – H. By Jewish religious law we do not pronounce this name, one its correct pronunciation is unknown to the general populous. And second it is protected so that it will not be used in a vein way. In our general conversations and writings we use the term, ‘Hashem’ In prayer and certain teachings we use the Hebrew word for Master – Adon-ai. We honor and revere the Holy Name so as to not bring disgrace to it or put it in a situation to be trashed or taken in an impure place.
Mishnah: Also know as the Oral Torah. It is the Oral commentary on the Written Torah given to Moses on Mount Sinai. It explains what would become the Written Text. The Mishnah was passed down orally for hundreds of years until the Roman dispersion of Israel. Certain leading Torah leaders of the time then began to write down the Mishnah as Israel became more scattered.
Mitzvah: It is generally translated as command or commandment – it also denotes deeds as meritorious or charitable acts.
Noahide: Noahide in general terms is used to refer to the children of Noah which all people today are descended from. In many Jewish writing its religious connotation is those of the non-Jewish, gentile nations who observe the Seven Laws found mainly in the book of Genesis.
Noahide Laws: These are the seven categorical laws found in Genesis that the Creator started giving to Adam then passed down to Noah and Abraham. These laws are consist of six prohibitions and one positive commandments. They are intended for man to study and keep so to provide the planet with moral and upright societies.
They are categorical as in that they contain many sub-laws falling under each one. Below is the list of the Seven Laws.
1. Prohibition of idolatry
2. Prohibition of blasphemy
3. Prohibition of murder
4. Prohibition of theft
5. Prohibition of forbidden sexual relationships
6. Prohibition of eating meat taken from a living animal.
7. Establishment of just court and legal system based on the six laws.
Rambam: An acronym for Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, also know as Maimonides. One of the most influentialTorah scholars of the Middle ages who lived from 1135 – 1204. He wrote the Mishnah Torah.
Ramban: An acronym for Rabbi Moshe ben Nachman, also known as Nachmanides. A leading medieval Torah scholar who lived from 1194 – 1270
Rashi: An acronym for Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki who lived from 1040 -1105. He was one of the great Torah scholars able to teach learned scholars and beginners alike. His commentary on the Torah is one of the most studied and quoted today.
Talmud: Means to teach or study, it is the name given to great volume of books containing two parts the Mishnah and the Gemara
Tanach: Is an acronym for Torah, Nevi’im, Ketuvim – The Torah, Prophets and the Writings. The Hebrew Scriptures.
Torah: Its literal translation is, ‘instructions’ – It refers to the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures written by Moshe (Moses) and the Oral Instructions given to him while on top of Mount Sinai. In the full Jewish concept it refers to all of Jewish holy books written and oral. Such as the Chumash, Talmud, Zohar and so on.